Samples were withdrawn regularly from the reactor, and dispersed

Samples were withdrawn regularly from the reactor, and dispersed powders were removed in a centrifuge. The clean transparent solution was analyzed by a UV–vis spectrophotometer (Optizen POP, Mecasys Co., Ltd., Daejeon, Korea). The dye concentration in the solution was determined as a function of the irradiation time. Results and discussion The result is agreement with XRD results for titanium and CdSe. After the examinations of wounds conducted by the coated implements selleck products with SEM/EDX, special particles were found; they are

kinds of elements such as Cd, Se, Ti, O and C. Table 1 lists the numerical results of EDX quantitative microanalysis of the samples. Figure 2 shows that strong Kα and Kβ peaks from the Ti element appear at 4.51 and 4.92 keV, respectively, whereas a moderate Kα peak for O was observed at 0.52 keV [18]. There were some small impurities, which were attributed to the use of fullerene without purification. Table 1 EDX elemental microanalysis and BET surface area values Sample name C (%) O (%) Cd (%) Se (%) Ti (%) Impurity BET (m2/g) C60 99.99 – - – - 0.01 85.05 CdSe – 3.41 57.37 36.45 -

2.77 26.71 click here CdSe-TiO2 – 23.57 24.34 14.52 35.46 2.14 30.47 CdSe-C60/TiO2 5.14 19.63 34.78 16.71 22.21 1.53 47.27 Figure 2 EDX elemental microanalysis of CdSe (a), CdSe-TiO 2 (b), and CdSe-C 60 /TiO 2 (c), they are kinds of elements such as Cd, Se, Ti, O and C. Figure 3 shows the characterized LCZ696 mw results of the microsurface structures and morphology of the CdSe, CdSe-TiO2, and C60 modified CdSe-TiO2 compounds. As shown in Figure 3, C60 and CdSe are coated uniformly on the TiO2 surface, which leads to an increase in nanoparticle size. Zhang et al. reported that a good dispersion of small particles could provide more reactive sites for the reactants than aggregated particles [19]. The surface roughness appears to be more with little grain aggregation. Figure 3a,b,c is CdSe, CdSe-TiO2, and CdSe-C60/TiO2, respectively. The aggregation phenomenon becomes increasingly serious, and the CdSe addition can make the aggregation

worse. Figure 3c shows spherical C60 particles. Figure 3 SEM images of CdSe (a), CdSe-TiO 2 (b), and CdSe-C 60 /TiO 2 (c), different samples with different magnification. Table 1 lists Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas of the raw CdSe, CdSe-TiO2, and CdSe-C60/TiO2 Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase photocatalysts. The BET value decreased from 85.00 m2/g of pure fullerene to 47.27 m2/g of CdSe-C60/TiO2. The TiO2 and CdSe particles were introduced into the pores of fullerene, and the value of CdS-C60/TiO2 decreased [20]. Added C60 can increase the surface area because C60 has a relatively larger surface area. The BET values of CdSe and CdSe-TiO2 compounds were 26.71 and 30.47 m2/g, respectively. The BET surface area of the CdS-TiO2 photocatalyst was increased by 55.13 % when the CdSe-TiO2 particles were modified by C60.

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