The overall prevalence of PIUC was 8.4%, but PIUC frequency was significantly increased in premature births at smaller than 28 weeks (21.4%, P smaller than 0.001). There was no association with other adverse pregnancy outcomes. PIUC was associated with decreased placental weight Z-score
(-0.69 +/- 0.92 versus -0.22 +/- 1.3, P = 0.0056), but not fetal weight Z-score, suggesting increased utilization of placental reserve. PIUC was also associated with relatively elongated placentas (length minus width: 2.6 +/- 3.2 versus 1.0 +/- 3.1, P = 0.006). PIUC tended to be more frequent in young primiparous mothers FLT3 inhibitor and was significantly less common in women with a history of prior curettage (66% vs 50%, P = 0.013). These data, together with
equivalent rates of prior cesarean section, multiparity, and advanced maternal age, support a primary developmental disorder as opposed to secondary placental migration due to underlying uterine abnormalities (“trophotropism”). Except for a borderline significant buy FK866 association with findings suggestive of maternal malperfusion (P = 0.078), PIUC was not associated with other placental lesions.”
“Vaccines are currently available for many infectious diseases caused by several microbes and the prevention of disease and death by vaccination has profoundly improved public health globally. However, vaccines are not yet licensed for use against many other infectious diseases and new or improved vaccines are needed to replace suboptimal vaccines, and against newly emerging pathogens. Acalabrutinib Most of the vaccines currently licensed for human use include live attenuated and inactivated or killed microorganisms. Only a small subset is based on purified components and even fewer are recombinantly produced. Novel approaches in recombinant DNA technology, genomics and structural biology have revolutionized the way vaccine candidates are developed and will make a significant impact in the generation of safer and more effective vaccines.”
“Background-The epigenome refers to marks on the genome, including DNA methylation and histone modifications,
that regulate the expression of underlying genes. A consistent profile of gene expression changes in end-stage cardiomyopathy led us to hypothesize that distinct global patterns of the epigenome may also exist.\n\nMethods and Results-We constructed genome-wide maps of DNA methylation and histone-3 lysine-36 trimethylation (H3K36me3) enrichment for cardiomyopathic and normal human hearts. More than 506 Mb sequences per library were generated by high-throughput sequencing, allowing us to assign methylation scores to approximate to 28 million CG dinucleotides in the human genome. DNA methylation was significantly different in promoter CpG islands, intragenic CpG islands, gene bodies, and H3K36me3-enriched regions of the genome. DNA methylation differences were present in promoters of upregulated genes but not downregulated genes.
\n\nResults: Long interval intracortical inhibition was significantly reduced and the cortical silent period was significantly shortened in patients with SSADH deficiency compared to heterozygous parents and control groups.\n\nConclusions: Since long interval intracortical inhibition and cortical silent period are thought to reflect GABA(B) receptor-mediated inhibitory circuits, our results point to a particularly GABA(B)
ergic motor cortex dysfunction in Nirogacestat molecular weight patients with SSADH deficiency. This human phenotype is consistent with the proposed mechanism of use-dependent downregulation of postsynaptic GABA(B) receptors in SSADH deficiency animal models. Additionally, the results suggest autoinhibition of GABAergic neurons. This first demonstration of altered GABA(B)-ergic function in patients with SSADH deficiency may help to explain clinical features of the disease, and suggest pathophysiologic mechanisms in other neurotransmitter-related disorders. Neurology (R) 2012; 79:47-54″
“Most individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) fail to
achieve remission despite standard treatments. As a result, we examined the efficacy and tolerability of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) as (a) augmentation or (b) monotherapy for GAD. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, controlled trials databases, and the abstracts of scientific meetings for all trials of GAD treatment with SGAs in adults. Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trials examining
SGA augmentation buy Small molecule library and monotherapy were meta-analyzed. Five augmentation studies containing 912 adults with refractory GAD indicated that SGA augmentation was not more likely to produce clinical response or remission than placebo and was associated with an increased risk of all-cause discontinuation (relative risk [RR] = 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-1.96). There was no difference in the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale on change from baseline or learn more weight gain between groups. Four SGA monotherapy studies containing 1383 patients with GAD indicated that treatment with 150 mg of quetiapine was more likely to lead to a clinical response (RR = 1.31; 95% CI, 1.20-1.44), remission (RR = 1.44; 95% CI, 1.23-1.68), and a greater decrease in the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale score (-3.66; 95% CI, -5.13 to -2.19) than placebo. However, an increased risk of all-cause discontinuation (RR = 1.30; 95% CI, 1.09-1.54) and weight gain (2.2 lb; 95% CI, 1.16-3.24) was observed. Existing data suggest that SGAs are not superior to placebo as augmentation for refractory GAD. Quetiapine monotherapy is more efficacious than placebo for uncomplicated GAD, but issues with adverse effects and tolerability may limit its use.
However, the feasibility of large-scale multisite studies using cognitive remediation at clinical trials sites has not been established.\n\nMethod: 53 adult patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia from 9 university-affiliated sites were randomized to a cognitive remediation condition that included the Posit Science Brain Fitness auditory training program with weekly Neuropsychological
and Educational Approach to Remediation (NEAR) “bridging groups” or a control condition of computer games and weekly healthy lifestyles groups. Patients were expected to complete 3 to 5 one-hour PF-3084014 sessions weekly for 40 sessions or 12 weeks, whichever came first. The primary outcomes were feasibility results as measured by rate of enrollment, retention, and completion rate of primary outcome measures. The study was conducted from July 2009 through January 2010.\n\nResults: During a phosphatase inhibitor library 3-month enrollment period, 53 (of a projected 54) patients were enrolled, and 41 (77%) met criteria for study completion. Thirty-one patients completed all 40 sessions, and all patients completed all primary outcome measures. Preliminary efficacy results indicated that, after 20 sessions, patients in the cognitive remediation condition demonstrated mean MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery
composite score improvements that were 3.7(95% CI, 0.05-7.34) T-score points greater than in patients in the computer-games control group (F-1,F-46=4.16, P=.047). At the end of treatment, a trend favoring cognitive remediation was not statistically significant (F-1,F-47=2.26, P=.14).\n\nConclusion: Multisite clinical trials of cognitive
remediation using the Posit Science Brain Fitness auditory training program with the NEAR CCI-779 ic50 method of weekly bridging groups at traditional clinical sites appear to be feasible.”
“Introduction and hypothesis Comparison of the modifications of the Viennese method of manual perineal protection (VMPP) and hands-off delivery techniques by applying basic principles of mechanics with assessments of tensions within perineal structures using a novel biomechanical model of the perineum. Evaluation of the role of the precise placements of the accoucheur’s posterior (dominant) thumb and index finger in perineal tissue tension when performing a modified Viennese method of MPP. Methods We carried out an experimental study on a biomechanical model of the perineum at NTIS (New Technologies for Information Society, Pilsen, Czech Republic). Hands-off and 38 variations of VMPP were simulated during vaginal delivery with the finite element model imitating a clinical lithotomy position. Results The main outcome measures were quantity and extent of strain/tension throughout the perineal body during vaginal delivery. Stress distribution between modifications of VMPP showed a wide variation in peak perineal tension from 72 to 102 % compared with 100 % for the “hands-off” technique.
While generalists were always abundant, numerous specialists that were either rare or absent in most samples, increased in abundance for short periods, appearing to be overall abundant. Statistical and network analyses showed that the protistan
seasonal organization was influenced by environmental parameters. It also highlighted that in addition to grazers, fungi and parasites played potentially significant roles during phytoplankton blooms. Overall, while the protistan succession was mainly Epigenetics inhibitor shaped by environmental variations, biotic interactions among co-occurring taxa were the main structural drivers of the temporal assemblages.”
“Background:\n\nChronic alcohol-dependent patients (ALC) exhibit neurocognitive impairments attributed to alcohol-induced fronto-cerebellar damage. Deficits are typically found in complex task performance, whereas simple tasks may not be significantly compromised, perhaps because
of little understood compensatory changes.\n\nMethods:\n\nWe compared finger tapping with either hand at externally paced (EP) or PF-6463922 concentration maximal self-paced (SP) rates and concomitant brain activation in ten pairs of right-hand dominant, age-, and gender-matched, severe, uncomplicated ALC and normal controls (NC) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).\n\nResults:\n\nMean tapping rates were not significantly different in ALC and NC for either task, but SP tapping variances were greater in ALC for both hands. SP tapping was more rapid with dominant hand (DH) than non-dominant hand (NDH) for both groups. EP and SP tapping with the non-dominant hand demonstrated significantly more activation in ALC than NC in the pre and postcentral gyri, inferior frontal gyrus, inferior parietal lobule, and the middle temporal gyrus. Areas activated only by ALC (not at all by NC) during NDH tapping included the inferior frontal gyrus, middle temporal gyrus, and postcentral gyrus. There were no significant group activation differences with DH tapping. No brain regions activated more in NC than ALC. SP tapping in contrast to EP activated fronto-cerebellar
networks in NC, including postcentral gyrus, anterior cingulate, and the anterior lobe and vermis of the cerebellum, but only parietal precuneus in ALC.\n\nConclusions:\n\nThese selleck compound findings with NDH finger tapping support previous reports of neurocognitive inefficiencies in ALC. Inferior frontal activation with EP in ALC, but not in NC, suggests engagement of regions needed for planning, organization, and impulse regulation; greater contralateral parietal lobe activation with SP in ALC may reflect right hemispheric impairments in visuospatial performance. Contrasting brain activation during SP and EP suggests that ALC may not have enlisted a fronto-cerebellar network as did NC but rather employed a higher order planning mode by recruiting parietal lobe functions to attain normal mean finger tapping rates.
Students adopting a strategic approach adopt either a deep or surface approach in response to perceived examination demands.
Despite being well known in Europe and Australia, this research paradigm has been applied sporadically in the United States. In this study, the approaches to study of a group of first year American medical students were collected using the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students instrument at the beginning and end of their first year to find how consistent these approaches remained over time. At both times, the majority of participants adopted deep approaches, followed by strategic and then surface approaches. The selleck compound percentage of participants using a surface approach grew during the first year but never exceeded 10%. The mean anatomy grades of students adopting each approach were then compared to find how each approach correlated with success in the course. Mean grades of students using a strategic approach were significantly
higher than average at both times. Students who maintained a strategic approach throughout the first year had significantly higher mean grades than average while students who changed to a surface approach had significantly worse Belinostat purchase mean anatomy grades. Problem-based students had significantly higher scores on several deep submeasures than lecture-based peers and female students demonstrated greater fear of failure than male peers at both times. Selleckchem SCH727965 Clin. Anat. 24: 120-127, 2011. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“Receptor diffusion on cell membrane is usually believed as a major factor that controls how fast a virus can enter into host cell via endocytosis.
However, when receptors are densely distributed around the binding site so that receptor recruiting through diffusion is no longer energetically favorable, we thus hypothesize that another effect, the creep deformation of cytoskeleton, might turn to play the dominant role in relaxing the engulfing process. In order to deeply understand this mechanism, we propose a viscoelastic model to investigate the dynamic process of virus engulfment retarded by the creep deformation of cytoskeleton and driven by the binding of ligand-receptor bonds after overcoming resistance from elastic deformation of lipid membrane and cytoskeleton. Based on this new model, we predict the lower bound of the ligand density and the range of virus size that allows the complete engulfment, and an optimal virus size corresponding to the smallest wrapping time. Surprisingly, these predictions can be reduced to the previous predictions based on simplified membrane models by taking into account statistical thermodynamic effects. The results presented in this study may be of interest to toxicologists, nanotechnologists, and virologists.”
“Background. Data on acute type A aortic dissection in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) syndrome are limited.
gov, the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and full text searches were conducted until November 2011. The searches in Chinese Bio-medical
Literature Database, China Network Knowledge Information, Chinese Science Journal Database, Chinese Medical Citation Index, Wanfang Database, and full text searches were conducted until January 2011. Manufacturers and authors were contacted.\n\nSelection criteria\n\nAll randomised clinical trials comparing bezafibrate at any dose or regimen in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis with placebo or no intervention, or with Selleck Tariquidar another drug. Any concomitant interventions were allowed if received equally by all treatment groups in a trial.\n\nData collection and analysis\n\nTwo authors extracted data. RevMan Analysis was used for statistical analysis of dichotomous data with risk ratio (RR) or risk difference (RD), and of continuous data with mean difference (MD), both with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Methodological domains were used to assess risk of systematic errors (bias). Trial sequential https://www.selleckchem.com/products/Cediranib.html analysis was used to control for random errors (play of chance).\n\nMain results\n\nSix trials with 151 Japanese patients were included. All trials had high risk of bias. Four trials compared bezafibrate plus
UDCA with no intervention plus UDCA (referenced as bezafibrate versus no intervention in the remaining text), and two trials compared bezafibrate with UDCA. No Crenigacestat datasheet patient died and no patient developed liver-related complications in any of the included trials. Bezafibrate was without significant effects on the occurrence of adverse events compared with no intervention (5/32 (16%) versus 0/28 (0%)) (RR 5.40, 95% CI 0.69 to 42.32; 3 trials with 60 patients; I-2 = 0%) or with UDCA (2/32 (6%) versus 0/37 (0%)) (RR 6.19, 95% CI 0.31 to 122.05; 2 trials with 69 patients; I-2 = 0%). Bezafibrate significantly decreased
the activity of serum alkaline phosphatases compared with no intervention (MD -186.04 U/L, 95% CI -249.03 to -123.04; 4 trials with 79 patients; I-2 = 34%) and when compared with UDCA (MD -162.90 U/L, 95% CI -199.68 to -126.12; 2 trials with 48 patients; I-2 = 0%). These results were supported by trial sequential analyses. Bezafibrate compared with no intervention significantly decreased plasma immunoglobulin M (MD -164.00 mg/dl, 95% CI -259.47 to -68.53; 3 trials with 50 patients; I-2 = 46%) and serum bilirubin concentration (MD -0.19 mg/dl, 95% CI -0.38 to -0.00; 2 trials with 34 patients; I-2 = 0%). However, the latter two results were not supported by trial sequential analyses. Bezafibrate compared with no intervention had no significant effect on the activity of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (MD -1.22 U/L, 95% CI -11.97 to 9.52; 4 trials with 79 patients; I-2 = 42%) and serum alanine aminotransferase (MD -5.61 U/L, 95% CI -24.
Time course studies using the hypoxia marker pimonidazole showed no staining for pimonidazole at JQ-EZ-05 inhibitor 1 or 2 h in B6C3F1 mice treated with APAP. Staining for pimonidazole was present in the midzonal to periportal regions at 4, 8, 24 and 48 h and no staining was observed in centrilobular hepatocytes, the sites of the toxicity. Subsequent studies with the MPT inhibitor cyclosporine A showed that cyclosporine A (CYC; 10 mg/kg) reduced HIF-1 alpha induction in APAP treated mice at 1 and 4 h and did not inhibit the metabolism
of APAP (depletion of hepatic non-protein sulfhydryls and hepatic protein adduct levels). The data suggest that HIF-1 alpha induction in the early stages of APAP toxicity is secondary to oxidative stress via a mechanism involving MPT. In addition, APAP toxicity is not mediated by a hypoxia mechanism. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Zoysia tenuifolia Willd. ex Trin. is one of the ASP2215 cell line most popularly cultivated
turfgrass. This is the first report of successful plant regeneration and genetic transformation protocols for Z. tenuifolia using Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Initial calli was induced from stem nodes incubated on a Murashige and Skoog (1962) (MS) medium supplemented with 2 mg l(-1) 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 1 mg l(-1) 6-benzyladenine (BA), with a frequency of 53%. Compact calli were selected and subcultured monthly on the fresh medium. Sixty-nine percent of the calli could be induced to regenerate plantlets when the calli incubated on a MS medium supplemented with 0.2 mg l(-1) BA under darkness. For genetic transformation, calli were incubated with A. tumefaciens strain EHA105 harboring the binary vector pCAMBIA 1301 which contains the hpt gene as a selectable marker for hygromycin resistance and an intron-containing BMS-754807 ic50 beta-glucuronidase gene (gus-int) as a reporter gene. Following co-cultivation, about 12% of the callus explants produced hygromycin resistant calli
on MS medium supplemented with 2 mg l(-1) 2,4-D, 1 mg l(-1) BA, 50 mg l(-1) hygromycin, 500 mg l(-1) cefotaxime after 8 weeks. Shoots were regenerated following transfer of the resistant calli to shoot induction medium containing 0.2 mg l(-1) BA, 50 mg l(-1) hygromycin, and 250 mg l(-1) cefotaxime, and about 46% of the resistant calli differentiated into shoots. Finally, all the resistant shoots were rooted on 1/2 MS media supplemented with 50 mg l(-1) hygromycin, 250 mg l(-1) cefotaxime. The transgenic nature of the transformants was demonstrated by the detection of beta-glucuronidase activity in the primary transformants and by PCR and Southern hybridization analysis. About 5% of the total inoculated callus explants produced transgenic plants after approximately 5 months. The procedure described will be useful for both, the introduction of desired genes into Z. tenuifolia and the molecular analysis of gene function.
Sixty-eight percent said they would make a change in profession related activities. At 60 days, 53% indicated they had implemented a change. In comparison to those who reported
no change, those who made a change reported higher levels of commitment and higher levels of confidence. Logistic regression suggested that the combination of commitment and confidence did not predict implementation in this sample; however, confidence had a higher odds ratio for predicting success than did commitment. Discussion: see more Confidence should be studied further in relation to commitment as a predictor of behavioral change associated with participation in an IPE symposium. Evaluators and instructional designers should consider use of follow-up support activities to improve learners’ confidence and likelihood of successful behavior change in the workplace.”
“The evaluation of the glenohumeral joint laxity requires the estimate of displacements of the humeral head centre (HHC) with respect to the glenoid. To the authors’ knowledge, several studies have been conducted to estimate HHC translations in vivo but data under anterior loading conditions
has not been collected yet. Aim of this study was to develop a non-invasive experimental methodology based on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the in vivo evaluation of the HHC translations due to an anteriorly directed force. Fourteen asymptomatic shoulders were acquired using a horizontal open MR scanner with the subjects in the supine position both at 15 degrees and 90 degrees of arm abduction with and without an anterior force of check details 20 N applied at the HHC level. When no load was applied, from 15 degrees to 90 degrees of arm abduction, the HHC moved, anteriorly (1.5 +/- 1.3 mm) and superiorly (1.8 +/- 1.3 mm) while smaller displacements were observed medio-laterally (0.4 +/- 0.7 mm). Under the application of the anterior force the 3D displacement of the HHC with respect to the glenoid was 1.6 +/- 1.2 mm and 1.3 +/- 0.7 mm, respectively at 15
degrees and 90 degrees of arm abduction. The level of precision associated to the GHJ translation was less than 0.33 mm along all directions i.e. one order of magnitude smaller than the relevant translations. In conclusion, the MRI-based methodology allowed for the analysis of HHC displacements under conditions selleck inhibitor of anterior loads within an acceptable level of reliability. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“We have previously demonstrated that human marrow stromal cells (hMSCs) embedded in collagen I scaffolds significantly enhance the restorative therapeutic effect of hMSCs after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study, we test the hypothesis that the collagen scaffold alters gene expression in hMSCs and that hMSCs impregnated into scaffolds increase the astrocytic expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the injured brain. Following TBI induced by controlled cortical impact injury, scaffold with hMSCs (3.
The Journal of Immunology, 2010, 185: 2004-2008.”
“The lentiviral accessory protein Vpx is thought to facilitate the infection of macrophages and dendritic cells by counteracting an unidentified host restriction factor. Although human immunodeficiency selleck screening library virus type 1 (HIV-1) does not encode Vpx, the accessory protein can be provided to monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) in virus-like particles, dramatically enhancing their susceptibility to HIV-1. Vpx and the related accessory
protein Vpr are packaged into virions through a virus-specific interaction with the p6 carboxy-terminal domain of Gag. We localized the minimal Vpx packaging motif of simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac(239) p6 to a 10-amino-acid motif and introduced this sequence into an infectious HIV-1 provirus. The chimeric virus packaged Vpx that was provided in trans and was substantially more infectious on MDDC and MDM than the wild-type virus.
We further modified the virus URMC-099 concentration by introducing the Vpx coding sequence in place of nef. The resulting virus produced Vpx and replicated efficiently in MDDC and MDM. The virus also induced a potent type I interferon response in MDDC. In a coculture system, the Vpx-containing HIV-1 was more efficiently transmitted from MDDC to T cells. These findings suggest that in vivo, Vpx may facilitate transmission of the virus from dendritic cells to T cells. In addition, the chimeric virus could be used to design dendritic cell vaccines that induce an enhanced innate immune response. This approach could also be useful in the design of lentiviral vectors that transduce these relatively resistant cells.”
“Background: Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase
inducer (Emmprin/CD147) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Enriched on the surface of many tumor cells, emmprin promotes tumor growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. We evaluated the clinical importance of emmprin and investigated its role in endometrial cancer.\n\nMethods: Alvocidib Emmprin expression was examined in uterine normal endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia and cancer specimens by immunohistochemistry. In addition, the biological functions and inhibitory effects of an emmprin knockdown were investigated in HEC-50B and KLE endometrial cancer cell lines.\n\nResults: The levels of emmprin expression were significantly increased in the endometrial cancer specimens compared with the normal endometrium and endometrial hyperplasia specimens (p < 0.05). The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of patients with high emmprin expression were significantly higher than those of patients with low emmprin expression (DFS: p < 0.001; OS: p < 0.001).
Further ecotoxicological evaluation should be made concerning the risk
of nano-ZnO on aquatic environment. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“The molybdenum(VI) complex formation equilibria of microcrystalline chitosan (MCCh) with three different degrees of deacetylation (DD = 0.750, 0.812, and 0.948) were studied by pH-potentiometric and UV-spectrophotometric methods. The hydrolysis constants of Mo(VI) were evaluated under exactly the same conditions as during the experiments in presence of chitosan. It has been shown that the complexation model depends on DD. Besides the formation of a ligand to metal 2 : 1 MoO(2)B(2)(2+) complex (“bridge model”) with A = MoO(4)(2-), B = MCCh, H = proton, the 1 : 1 MoO(3)B species (“pendant model”) has been confirmed as well NCT-501 supplier for the two lower values of DD and moderate excess of ligand. At the highest DD, the results indicate only the occurrence of 2 : 1 species. When taking into account the number of protons in reaction as the third index, the corresponding average overall stability constants log beta(abh) of MoO(3)B and MoO(2)B(2)(2+) reach log beta(112) = 13.8 and log beta(124) = 27.9, respectively. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 114:1619-1625, 2009″
“Personalized medicine is the concept of
patient care becoming individualized based on distinctive characteristics. https://www.selleckchem.com/products/ulixertinib-bvd-523-vrt752271.html Pharmacogenetics is an application of personalized medicine, which may allow us to predict response to treatment based on an individual’s genetic makeup. While several therapeutic areas have made significant advances in using pharmacogenetics to tailor therapies, it is not yet widely used in the treatment of heart failure. In this review, we summarize some of the AZD6094 in vitro emerging data on the use of pharmacogenetics
in heart failure therapies.”
“New fields of application for electroencephalography (EEG) require robust measurement technologies for ubiquitous mobile monitoring. Fast, easy and failsafe application as well as stable signal quality are crucial requirements for the electrodes. The application of novel dry EEG electrodes requires direct, reliable contact with the human skin as well as stable electrochemical characteristics of the materials. We propose a novel biocompatible electrode based on Titanium Nitride (TiN) integrated into an adaptive cap system with active adduction mechanisms. We report electrode-skin impedance measurements to prove our cap system to provide reliable and stable electrode positioning and adduction.”
“Background: This article is a prospective review of patients with spinal cord injury who underwent multidisciplinary consultation from January 2005 to September 2013 for pain in one or both shoulders. Methods: We performed clinical, functional, and lesion evaluations of 38 patients with paraplegia and quadriplegia presenting with rotator cuff pathologies.