4),18) This technique is a validated method for assessing perfusion defects in clinical practice. However, owing to several disadvantages associated with MPI, including the time delay for image acquisition, poor spatial resolution and that it cannot be performed at the bedside, an alternative diagnostic tool is needed for relevant decision making in emergency patients with
acute chest pain. It has been suggested that MCE can offer more useful prognostic information than routine assessment methods in patients with acute chest pain.19),20) We have previously reported that the sensitivity of MCE (77%) for the detection of ACS is Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical significantly higher than that of ECG change (28%), troponin I (34%) and regional wall motion abnormalities (49%), with similar specificities of 85% to 96%.16) Although a prospective, multicenter study comparing MCE with resting technetium-99m sestamibi MPI found a 77% Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical concordance between these two methods, suggesting both may be useful in diagnosing adverse selleck cardiac events, their diagnostic accuracy in perfusion assessment was not compared.20) In addition, unstable angina was excluded in evaluating events. In selleck chem contrast, we directly compared the diagnostic accuracy of initial MCE with that of resting MPI for identifying ACS, including both unstable angina and AMI. In a head-to-head comparison, we found that MCE
could diagnose ACS more accurately than MPI in emergency-department patients with potential cardiac Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical ischemia. For diagnosis of AMI, MCE also showed good sensitivity and specificity, similar to those of MPI. The perfusion defects observed in MCE could be differentiated from artifacts by adjusting the triggering intervals, analyzing patterns of defects and interpreting defects in the context of regional wall Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical motion. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical SPECT imaging could be performed with standardized protocols and quantitative analysis of perfusion defects, but the severity and extent of resting perfusion defects was often mild in ACS and indistinguishable from attenuation artifacts, resulting in a lower diagnostic accuracy of MPI. Early MCE overcame the
limitation of the low sensitivity of baseline cardiac enzymes and ECG criteria for ACS, and complemented the diagnostic accuracy of conventional MPI. We suggest that incorporating MCE into routine triage tests for ACS may increase the diagnostic accuracy in these patients and lead to rapid and appropriate managements for ACS. MCE is operator-dependent and has no standardized protocol. Moreover, multiple variables Drug_discovery and artifacts affecting the optimal MCE analysis may reduce its diagnostic accuracy. Despite these technical pitfalls, MCE may be preferable to MPI in some clinical situations. MCE has a better spatial resolution and is feasible at any time without the aid of specialists, unlike MPI. Additionally, MCE can be performed at the bedside and interpreted without delay, enabling the rapid diagnosis of ACS at the time of presentation to the emergency department.