By measuring perceived threat at two time points, it is possible to see whether those with a high level of perceived threat both at the scene of injury and in hospital are at greater risk than those who are equally afraid in one of these situations, i.e. a measure of the duration of experienced threat. The main contributions of the new instrument are the ability to measure peritraumatic sensory perception and the ability to compare the relative contribution of the
sensory perception and items representing Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical fear, dissociation and lack of autonomy (feeling stuck) for subsequent posttraumatic symptoms. The purpose of the present study was to assess and validate the CCI, and to examine the correlations between the CCI and stress responses measured by the Impact of Event
Scale (IES) and the Post-traumatic Stress Scale-10 (PTSS-10). Methods Procedures and Design The CCI was tested on physically Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical injured, conscious patients admitted to the emergency room at Oslo University Hospital Ulleval. The cross-sectional data was collected after discharge. Participants received a consent form, self-report questionnaire, and stamped return envelope approximately one – two weeks after Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical discharge, with a reminder after one month. For the CCI they were asked to recall impressions and psychological Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical responses experienced at the scene of the injury and in the hospital. Demographic characteristics were obtained, and for the
IES and PTSS-10 the patients were asked to answer referring to the last seven days. Ulleval Trauma Registry provided Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical data on the physical traumas. The respondents had to be between 18-65 years. Measuring perceptions at scene of injury and in hospital required conscious patients and a Glasgow Coma Score (GCS)  equal to or above 11 was an inclusion criterion. A score of 3 indicates no response, and 15 reflect a normal level of consciousness. The participants returned the baseline questionnaires before randomization to an intervention (the intervention data will be reported in a subsequent paper), therefore living more than 60 kilometers from the hospital was an exclusion criterion. Patients were also excluded if they were unable to speak or read tuclazepam Norwegian or had unknown address, had self-inflicted injuries, had serious psychiatric and/or substance abuse problems (psychotic and/or in need of acute psychiatric treatment), and/or were involved in criminal acts. Measures The Casualty Chain Inventory A study group that consisted of a liaison psychiatrist, one BMS-754807 mw medical doctor (who treats patients with physical trauma) and a trauma nurse developed the CCI.